This private bank was established in 1807 as Russell, Brooke, Green, Cole, Perring & Co. Its founding partners were Robert Russell, a local carrier; John Cole, from a local merchant family; and Joseph Green, Philip Perring and Charles Brooke, all of whom lived in London.
By 1817 Russell and Cole were the sole remaining partners, trading under the name of Russell, Cole & Co. In 1822 Russell died and John Cole was joined by his nephew William Cole Dicker. The partnership, known as John Cole, William Cole Dicker & Co, also took the name Devon County Bank.
Cole and Dicker were joined by Henry Collins by 1825. George Holroyd, formerly agent of the Exeter branch of Bank of England, joined the partnership in around 1833. By this time John Cole had died and Henry Collins had left the partnership. William Cole was joined in the partnership by George Chaplin Holroyd. William Cole's son, John, joined the partnership in 1835.
In 1842 the business was sold to National Provincial Bank of England for £13,000 and amalgamated with the business of that bank's Exeter branch.
Detailed list of name changes
- Russell, Brooke, Cole, Perring & Co from 1807
- Russell, Cole & Co by 1817
- John Cole, William Cole Dicker & Co by 1822
- John Cole, William Cole Dicker & Henry Collins by 1825
- Cole, Holroyd & Co 1833-1842
Also known as Devon County Bank.
- J Ryton, Banks and Banknotes of Exeter 1769-1906 (Exeter: privately published, 1984)
Summary of our archive holdings
Our archival records of Cole, Holroyd & Co have the reference code COL.
For help understanding words used here, check our glossary of banking record types (PDF 68KB).
- partnership agreements 1807, 1817, 1833
- amalgamation papers 1842-1845
- private ledgers 1808-1864
- balance sheet books 1817-1842
- private journals 1817-1864
- general balance books 1818-1842
- statements of transactions in treasury bills 1825-1836
- customer information books 1817-1842
- papers re security 1837-1840s
- list of customers 1842
Note issue records
- banker's licences 1809-1841
- banknotes 1812-1820s
- indemnities re mutilated notes 1819-1835
- premises papers 1830s-1840s