Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Grenfell, Thomas & Co
Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Grenfell, Thomas & Co (1781-1837), established in London, was a bank connected with the history of the Royal Bank of Scotland.
This private bank was established in 1781 in Birchin Lane, City of London, as Esdaile, Hammet & Esdaile. It moved to 73 Lombard Street in 1782. In 1792 it merged with Smith, Wright & Co (est. 1759) of Lombard Street to form Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Smith, Wright, Hammet & Co.
In 1837, when the business was known as Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Grenfell, Thomas & Co, the firm failed. Creditors were repaid from a loan advanced by City of London bankers, including Glyn, Hallifax, Mills & Co.
Detailed list of name changes
- Esdaile, Hammet & Esdaile in 1782
- Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Smith, Wright, Hammet & Co in 1792
- Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Hammett, Esdaile & Hammet in 1798
- Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Esdaile, Hammet & Hammet in 1800
- Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Hammet & Co in 1813
- Sir James Esdaile, Hammet, Grenfell & Scott in 1823
- Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Grenfell, Thomas & Co from 1833
- FG Hilton Price, A Handbook of London Bankers (London: Chatto & Windus, 1876)
- ‘The Esdaile Crisis’, Three Banks Review, June 1966, vol.70, p.39-48
Summary of our archive holdings
Our archival records of Sir James Esdaile, Thomas Grenfell & Co have the reference code ES.
For help understanding words used here, check our glossary of banking record types (PDF 68KB).
- customer ledgers: Birmingham Bank 1819-20, town 1819-20, country banks 1822
- cheques 1794-1824
- papers re failure 1836-7
- personal papers of John Atholl Hammet 1787-1829: source overview (PDF 82KB)
Summary of archive holdings elsewhere
- Bank of England Archive: Freshfields’ correspondence re bankruptcy of Messrs Esdaile 1836-57 (Ref: F12/12-13)