This private bank was established in about 1781. It originally traded under the name of its founder John Jenkinson, a local silk mercer and linen draper. It was also known as Towcester Old Bank.
Jenkinson died in 1815 and the bank was sold by his executors to John & Samuel Percival, bankers of Northampton. In 1836 when John & Samuel Percival transferred their Northampton bank to joint stock status, becoming Northamptonshire Union Bank, the Towcester business remained a separate private bank to avoid compromising the new joint-stock bank's right to issue banknotes.
In 1887, when trading as Moxon & Percival, the bank finally merged with Northamptonshire Union Bank.
Detailed list of name changes
- John Jenkinson from c.1781
- John and Samuel Percival in 1844
- John, Samuel and Frederick Samuel Percival in 1850
- Frederick Samuel Percival and John Mercer in 1852
- John Mercer, John Callis and Thomas Mercer in 1863
- John and Thomas Mercer in 1864
- Thomas Mercer, Henry Billington Whitworth and Owen Wallis in 1867
- Henry Billington Whitworth, Owen Wallis and Robert Henry Hewitt in 1875
- Owen Wallis and Robert Henry Hewitt in 1879
- Robert Henry Hewitt and William Moxon in 1882
- William Moxon and Frederick Samuel Percival in 1884
Also known as Towcester Old Bank.
Summary of our archive holdings
Our archival records of Moxon & Percival have the reference code MOX.
For help understanding words used here, check our glossary of banking record types (PDF 68KB).
- cheques and cheque forms 1781-1887
- partners' correspondence re creation of Northamptonshire Union Bank 1836
- mutilated banknote indemnity 1865
- banknote 1877