George Halse

George Frederick Halse (1826-95) was a sculptor and writer, and an employee of Messrs Drummond.

Background and early life

George Halse was born on 1 May 1826 at 4 Stafford Place, Pimlico, the 8th of 12 children of John Halse and his wife Clarissa Fenwick. His father had worked as personal valet to the Duke of Rutland, and in 1820 had been appointed page to King George IV, later becoming resident state page at St James’s Palace.

In 1833, on the express wishes of King William IV, Halse took up a place at St Paul’s School in London. It is not known what he did in the years immediately after he left school in 1841, though his father is known to have written to various important figures, including Viscount Melbourne, Lord Palmerston, the Duke of Wellington and Sir Robert Peel, seeking positions for George and his brothers.

Banking career

On 7 December 1846 George Halse became a clerk with the bankers Messrs Drummond of Charing Cross in London. The opportunity had possibly arisen through the bank’s partner Andrew Robert Drummond, who was son-in-law of Halse's father’s former employer, the Duke of Rutland.

Halse started in the bank as a junior clerk, but steadily rose through the ranks, becoming head of the ledger room by 1886. In 1890 he became chief clerk and manager, running the bank’s business and managing its staff on a day-to-day basis on behalf of the partners. He was still working at the bank at the time of his death, having completed 49 years’ service.

Sculptor, illustrator and writer

George Halse had wide-ranging artistic interests, developing a reputation as a sculptor, illustrator and writer, and it is for these activities that he is primarily remembered today. He is known to have produced 92 named sculptures, his subjects including women and children as well as famous contemporaries such as the Duke of Devonshire, the Marquis of Salisbury and the Bishop of Bath and Wells.

He frequently exhibited his work, including in shows at the Royal Academy, the Royal Scottish Academy, the Royal Glasgow Institute of Fine Arts and Manchester City Art Gallery. His work, particularly his depictions of children, became very popular, and some pieces (including Young England and Young England’s Sister) were reproduced for sale in parian ware. Others were featured as engravings in the Illustrated London News. His marble group Advance Australia became particularly well known. His guide to sculpture, The Modeller, was issued in 5 editions between 1880 and 1894, and he wrote for a number of journals on the subject.

Among his known surviving work is an undated bust of Messrs Drummonds’ founder, Andrew Drummond. In 1867 he exhibited at the Royal Academy a bust of Mrs Robert Drummond, wife of one of the bank’s partners. He made sketches of some other members of the Drummond family.

His published writings included novels, poems and verse stories. Two of his books were illustrated by his friend Hablot Knight Browne, who under the pseudonym Phiz became famous as an illustrator of the novels of Charles Dickens.

An 1859 collection entitled Pastoral and Other Poems by a Mrs George Halse was possibly the work of Halse’s wife Matilda.

Published works

  • Queen Loeta and the Mistletoe: A Fairy Rhyme for the Fireside (1857)
  • Agatha: a Fanciful Flight for a Gusty Night (1861)
  • Sir Guy de Guy, written under the pseudonym ‘Rattlebrain’ (1864)
  • Graham Aspen, Painter: a Novel (1889)
  • The Legend of Sir Juvenis (c.1882)
  • A Salad of Stray Leaves (1882)
  • Weeping Ferry: a Novel (1887)
  • Phil Hathaway’s Failures: a Novel (1894)
  • The Modeller: a Guide to the Principles and Practice of Sculpture for the Use of Students and Amateurs (1880)

Family life

In 1849 George Halse married Matilda Lydia Davis, whose father Thomas was adjutant of His Majesty’s royal bodyguard at St James’s Palace. They had four children together:

  • William George (born 1850), who was educated to become an engineer, but actually worked as a clerk at Drummonds 1867-74, before training for the Anglican ministry and serving as vicar of Bridlington
  • Katherine (born 1851), who became a teacher at one of Lord Shaftesbury’s ragged schools
  • Emmeline (1853-1930), who became a sculptor
  • Edward (born 1854), who became a mining geologist and was the author of a dictionary of Spanish and Portuguese mining and metallurgical terms

The family lived at 5 St Ann’s Villas, Kensington until around 1865 when they moved to a newly-built semi-detached house at 15 Clarendon Road, Notting Hill. By 1887 Halse had also leased the adjoining 13 Clarendon Road, to the rear of which he built a studio.

Later life and death

By November 1895 Halse had been given medical advice to retire, but he believed he was still fit for work. He was keen to complete 50 years’ service with the bank, a milestone he was only one year short of reaching.

The following month, however, Halse died, possibly a casualty of a contagious illness that seems to have struck the bank’s staff at around that time. In a letter to staff announcing Halse’s death, the bank’s senior partner remarked that ‘we have all lost a truly loyal, amiable and invaluable colleague in the person of Mr George Halse. No one knew better than I did his kindness of heart, his unselfish and unswerving zeal for the business and his ever thoughtful, unbiased and affectionate consideration for us all.’

Halse’s widow Matilda died just 3 months later. Their gravestone in Kensington Cemetery was decorated with an angel sculpted by their daughter Emmeline.

Summary of our archive holdings

  • Collection of 7 drawings, one of which (signed), possibly a title page, containing the words ‘Portraits of eminent men’ is thought to be a self-portrait. Also includes drawings entitled ‘Our Prime Minister’ and ‘The Statesman’, 1848
  • Guardbook entitled ‘The House’, containing 4 signed pencil drawings, one of which features his own bust of Andrew Drummond. The other drawings are thought to depict some of the bank’s partners in the bank premises, 1850
  • Signed pen and ink drawing ‘An Old Soldier’, c.1850
  • Memo to the bank’s partners relaying the results of a staff vote on a proposal to establish a ‘mess’ (staff canteen) at the bank, 1881
  • Letter replying to an unsolicited application for a clerkship in the bank, 1892
  • Letter from George James Drummond to the bank’s staff following and concerning Halse’s death, 1895

Related publications and other sources

  • LE Farningham, George Halse Sculptor, 1826-1896 (Doncaster, 2002)
  • Henry Moore Institute Archive: Research papers of LE Farningham re the above publication (Ref: 2011.591/1)
  • Courtauld Images: images of some of Halse’s sculptures